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A Primer On Christian Government | Ecclesiology – Part 4 of 6

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Scripture: Ephesians 1:15-23Ephesians 5:22-33
Topics: Church Polity, Deacons, Elders, Doctrine of Ecclesiology, Submission to Authority, Contributor: Joel Webbon

  1. What is the sphere and assignment given by God to church government?

God has given church government the Great Commission and authority over Christian worship.

  1. What is the means God has given to the church to carry out the Great Commission and Christian worship?

God has given the church the Word and the Sacraments to carry out the Great Commission and Christian worship.

  1. What is the Great Commission?

The Great Commission is given in Matthew 28:18-20 where Jesus says, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me, therefore go, disciple the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe everything I have commanded you.”

  1. What is Christian worship?

Christian worship is the called-together gathering of the church in person, principally on the Lord’s Day, to renew covenant with Christ, through the Word read, preached, and sung, as well as through prayers, and the celebration of the sacraments, all according to Scripture.

  1. What is the Word?

The Word is the entire Bible from Genesis to Revelation, the perfectly preserved testimony of the patriarchs, apostles, and prophets, proclaimed by evangelists, missionaries, and pastors, and thoroughly taught to all who believe in Christ for obedience in every human endeavor. The Bible is the authoritative Word to every human government, but it is the peculiar charter and constitution of the Christian church.

  1. What are the Sacraments?

The sacraments are Baptism and the Lord’s Supper, the signs and seals of membership in the church, means of grace for all of God’s people, instituted directly by Christ.

  1. Who are the officers of the church?

The officers of the church are qualified men called elders (or bishops) and deacons.

  1. What are the offices within the eldership?

There are three offices of elders: ministers (or pastors) are elders tasked with regular ministry of Word and Sacrament; teaching elders (or doctors) are tasked with teaching the Word, often in academic or missionary contexts, and ruling elders (or lay/parish elders) are elders whose primary job is to rule the church. All three offices of elders share the government of the church equally together.

  1. What is the office of deacon?

Deacons are qualified men who assist the elders in carrying out the ministry of the church and in caring for the physical needs of the saints.

  1. What are the sanctions of the Church?

Christ has given to the church the sword of Scripture with which it is authorized to preach, encourage, teach, rebuke, as well as private and public censure. This authority is also called the keys of the kingdom, and it includes welcoming new Christian disciples through baptism, correcting for sin, and in cases when an individual persists in high handed, unrepentant sin, excommunication, barring them from the Lord’s Table, and reckoning an individual an unbeliever and outside the fellowship and inheritance of Christ.

  1. What is the duty God requires of all people with regard to the Church?

God commands everyone everywhere to repent and believe in Jesus Christ, and so be baptized and received into membership in a local church, to be in submission to local elders, and to participate in the worship and life of the body through freely giving of their gifts.

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A Primer On Christian Government | Ecclesiology – Part 4 of 6

In Podcasts
Scripture: Ephesians 1:15-23Ephesians 5:22-33
Topics: Church Polity, Deacons, Elders, Church Polity, Deacons, Elders, Doctrine of Ecclesiology, Doctrine of Ecclesiology, Submission to Authority, Submission to Authority, Contributor: Joel Webbon

What is the sphere and assignment given by God to church government? God has given church government the Great Commission and authority over Christian worship. What is the means God has given to the church to carry out the Great Commission and Christian worship? God has given the church the Word and the Sacraments to carry out the Great Commission …

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How To Spot Counterfeit Courage In Big Eva & Local Pastors

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Scripture: 1 Corinthians 16:13
Topics: Submission to Authority, Submission to Authority, Culture & Politics, Personal Holiness, Church Polity, Deacons, Elders, Church Polity, Deacons, Elders, Elders, Contributor: Joel Webbon

Among Evangelicals, there is a rising trend of “counterfeit courage.” Christian leaders/pastors will “courageously” speak out against threats to the church, but only once it becomes culturally acceptable to do so. These men are mere “opportunists,” rather then actual leaders. Apart from real courage, a man will not be willing to say and do what’s necessary when the time comes. …

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Self-Control | A Necessity For Leading Others

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Scripture: Psalm 127
Topics: Church Polity, Deacons, Elders, Church Polity, Deacons, Elders, Elders, Deacons, Elders, Submission to Authority, Submission to Authority, Culture & Politics, Personal Holiness, Marriage, Parenting, Singleness, Contributor: Joel Webbon

If you want to faithfully lead others, you must possess a successful track record of leading your self. Self-leadership is both a qualification for leading others and a fruit of the Holy Spirit. In the Bible, “self-leadership” is called “self-control.”

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An Epidemic Of “Weaker-Brother” Pastors!

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Scripture: Romans 14:1-23
Topics: Church Polity, Deacons, Elders, Church Polity, Deacons, Elders, Elders, Deacons, Elders, Elders, Church Polity, Elders, Gospel, Legalism, Lord's Supper, Contributor: Joel Webbon

R. C. Sproul preached a sermon called “The Tyranny of the Weaker Brother.” His premise comes from Romans 14. He talks about how the church should welcome the weaker brother into membership with grace, but he warns of the weaker brother’s tendency to be a tyrant towards the rest of the body. The weaker brother, due to his weaker faith …

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Is John Piper “Disqualified” Because Of His Son?

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Scripture: 1 Timothy 3Titus 1
Topics: Church Polity, Deacons, Elders, Church Polity, Deacons, Elders, Elders, Deacons, Elders, Elders, Church Polity, Elders, Gospel, Legalism, Lord's Supper, Elders, Submission to Authority, Submission to Authority, Culture & Politics, Personal Holiness, Marriage, Parenting, Singleness, Parenting, Contributor: Joel Webbon

John Piper’s son, Abraham Piper, has not merely become an apostate by denying Christ, but he is actively peddling atheism to hundreds of thousands of people on TikTok. Abraham Piper has become a public figure through his blaspheming of God. Titus 1:6 requires pastors’ “children [to be] believers and not open to the charge of debauchery or insubordination.” In light …

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Protecting the Sheep

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Scripture: 1 Timothy 6:3-5
Topics: Church Polity, Deacons, Elders, Church Polity, Deacons, Elders, Elders, Deacons, Elders, Elders, Church Polity, Elders, Gospel, Legalism, Lord's Supper, Elders, Elders, Polemics, Contributor: Joel Webbon

Scripture has two clear qualifications for Elders: 1) They must be able to “instruct in sound doctrine.” 2) They must be able to “rebuke those who contradict it.” Faithful pastors cannot merely teach the truth, they must also diligently work to expose error.

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What Do You Think About The Rise & Fall of Mars Hill?

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Scripture: 1 Timothy 3:1-71 Timothy 3:14-161 Timothy 3:8-13Titus 1:10-11Titus 1:9
Topics: Church Polity, Deacons, Elders, Church Polity, Deacons, Elders, Elders, Deacons, Elders, Elders, Church Polity, Elders, Gospel, Legalism, Lord's Supper, Elders, Elders, Polemics, Church Polity, Elders, Contributor: Joel Webbon

Christianity Today has been airing a podcast called “The Rise & Fall of Mars Hill.” What are your specific thoughts about this podcast? And what are your more general thoughts about what happened with Mark Driscoll and Mars Hill?

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Your Pastor When He May Be in Sin

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Scripture: 1 Timothy 5:19-25
Topics: Church Polity, Deacons, Elders, Church Polity, Deacons, Elders, Elders, Deacons, Elders, Elders, Church Polity, Elders, Gospel, Legalism, Lord's Supper, Elders, Elders, Polemics, Church Polity, Elders, Church Discipline, Church Membership, Church Polity, Elders, Contributor: Joel Webbon

What is the difference between bringing a “charge” and bringing a “concern” to your pastors? The Bible allows for both, but we must diligently discern between the two, and exercise true humility as we approach those who have been appointed in positions of spiritual authority.

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The Message and The Man

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Scripture: 1 Timothy 4:11-16
Topics: Church Polity, Deacons, Elders, Church Polity, Deacons, Elders, Elders, Deacons, Elders, Elders, Church Polity, Elders, Gospel, Legalism, Lord's Supper, Elders, Elders, Polemics, Church Polity, Elders, Church Discipline, Church Membership, Church Polity, Elders, Elders, Preaching, Contributor: Joel Webbon

The preacher who is ministering the Word of God has two primary weapons when defending himself against those who oppose him. Number one, the message from Scripture and number two, his godly character.