When were all of these governments established by God? They were established at Creation in the Garden of Eden before sin entered the world. The fall of man affected the way these governments function, but it did not create them. May these governments decide to take on new assignments or jurisdictions? No, because these governments derive their authority from the …
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- When were all of these governments established by God?
They were established at Creation in the Garden of Eden before sin entered the world. The fall of man affected the way these governments function, but it did not create them.
- May these governments decide to take on new assignments or jurisdictions?
No, because these governments derive their authority from the Lord Jesus, they cannot take on new assignments or jurisdictions without relinquishing their authority since they would be disobeying Christ.
- What does it mean that these governments have separate powers or spheres?
The separation of powers means that each government must only exercise its authority in the limited jurisdiction assigned to it by God. Civil governments may not regulate how or when the church gathers for worship or how families provide for themselves or educate children. Neither may parents take to themselves the authority over the sacraments, and the church may not legislate or execute criminal justice.
- Are there not times when one government is abusing its authority and another government may legitimately intervene?
Yes, for example, when a crime, as defined by Scripture, has been committed in a family or church, civil government must intervene. Likewise, when a family or civil government is in unrepentant sin, ministers of the church must teach, exhort, rebuke, and censure.
- Are there cases of overlapping jurisdictions or authority?
Yes, there are occasional instances where there may be legitimate overlap in jurisdiction. In those cases of overlapping authority, governments must protect their God-given jurisdictions vigorously and work through the challenges, respecting other governments as equals before God.
- Will all of these governments last forever?
No. While individuals in Christ have everlasting life and the nations will bring their glory into the New Jerusalem, these governments along with marriage and family will be transfigured into something far more glorious, and it is the church alone, as the Bride of Christ, that will last forever.
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What is the sphere and assignment given by God to the civil government? The sphere and assignment given by God to civil government is punishing criminals, establishing good order and justice in society through equal weights and measures, and praising the righteous. Does the Bible require a particular form of civil government? The Bible allows for some flexibility and freedom …
What is the sphere and assignment given by God to church government? God has given church government the Great Commission and authority over Christian worship. What is the means God has given to the church to carry out the Great Commission and Christian worship? God has given the church the Word and the Sacraments to carry out the Great Commission …
What is the sphere and assignment given by God to family government? God has assigned the dominion mandate to families as well, with the particular tasks of providing for the basic nurture, health, welfare, and education of individuals in the household. Who are the magistrates of the family? Ordinarily, God gives husbands and fathers primary authority and responsibility for the …
What is the sphere and assignment given by God to individuals in self-government? God has graciously assigned the dominion mandate to all human beings which is part of what it means to be made in God’s image. What is the Dominion Mandate? The Dominion Mandate is found in Genesis 1:28 and it is the command and blessing, with the corresponding …
BONUS EPISODE: Where does all authority and power come from? All authority and power in heaven and on earth originates in the Triune God and has been given to the Lord Jesus Christ. If all authority is from God, what kind of authority can humans have? Because all authority is from God, all human authority is delegated and limited. What …
Jesus is not a “universal savior,” he laid his life down exclusively for the Church (John 10, Ephesians 5). However, Christ is most certainly a “universal lord.” Jesus is Lord of all, including the non-elect.
Perhaps you’ve heard it said, “Christ, not Caesar, is head of the Church.” Almost all Christians would wholeheartedly agree. But what if I said, “Christ, not Caesar, is also head of the State?” A statement like that would make most Christians cringe. This is because the vast majority of Christians fundamentally misunderstand another important statement: “Separation of Church and State.”